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Foundations in Health and Safety--- Nebosh

Health: - absence of diseases, PLUS physical, mental & social well
being.
Safety: - Absence of uncontrolled hazards, unacceptable or significant
risk.
Welfare: - Looking after people’s basic needs; providing welfare
facilities such as : food, water, accommodation & bathrooms

Environmental protection: - measure used to prevent harm to the
environment of the workplace & to the surroundings of the organisation
& the whole world including air, water, land and natural resources,flora,
fauna and human beings and their inter-relationships.

Hazard: - Something with the potential to cause loss or harm of any
kind such as: injury to people / damage to equipment.
Example: Electricity, Welding machine, Noise, or Vibration

Risk: - Combination of the likelihood of harm to occur and the severity
of that harm – this harm could be injury to people or damage to
equipment (Risk = Likelihood X Severity)
Example: Working at heights, Confined space entry or Welding

Accident: - An unwanted, unplanned event which results in a
Loss of any kind such as: injury to people, damage to equipment
Example: An employee tripped over a cable, fell down & broke his leg.

Occupational Accident: - An unwanted & unplanned event which
results in a Loss or harm of any kind such as: injury to people, damage
to equipment AND IT HAPPENED OUT OF OR IN THE COURSE OF
WORK.
Example: An employee tripped over a cable INSIDE THE WORKPLACE
fell down and broke his leg.

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